As mentioned in the previous lesson on ‘unreal present’, we can categorize conditional sentences as referring to either ‘real’ or ‘unreal’ (hypothetical) situations.
Here are some examples, with English translations:
Se avessi avuto il tuo aiuto non mi sarei trovato in difficoltà con il test di inglese.
[If I had had your help, I wouldn’t have had trouble with the English test.]
Sono sicuro che, se aveste visto il bambino correre, lo avreste fermato subito.
[I am sure that, if you had seen the baby running, you would have stopped him immediately.]
Se avessi saputo del terremoto non sarei mai venuto in vacanza a Bologna in questo periodo.
[If I had known about the earthquake, I would never have come on holiday to Bologna at this time.]
Back to Italian lesson on: unreal past